It looks like this: Within the content=""you can enter a load of comma delimited values, but we're going to to focus on the fundamental ones for now. will cause the element to be too wide for the viewport on a smaller device. How to design Responsive card-deck with fixed width in Bootstrap ? How to set the view-port meta tag for iPhone that handles rotation properly ? Viewport is a meta tag located in the of the HTML. Here is an example of a web page without the viewport meta tag, and the same web page with the viewport meta tag: Tip: If you are browsing this page with a phone or a tablet, you can click on the two links below to see the difference. On the responsive website, pages are available for all types of devices and display correctly regardless of screen resolution. The viewport meta tag tells the browser how to behave when it renders the webpage, you can tell it how big the viewport will be. A viewport is the area of the window where web content can be viewed. Without the viewport meta tag and even if your site uses CSS media queries, most devices will resize a website to the page to a standardish size of 900-1000 pixels, a common resolution for many fixed width websites. Typically, you use the viewport meta tag to set the width and initial scale of the viewport. Without the viewport meta tag. Incorrect viewports will result in users having to side-scroll while browsing the website instead of the site fitting perfectly … The viewport is the user's visible area of a web page. A viewport element gives the browser instructions on how to control the page's dimensions and scaling. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail: , W3Schools is optimized for learning and training. How to set input type date in dd-mm-yyyy format using HTML ? Let's take a peek at some sample code snippets: I want to point out this is not the typical way you would write this code. The Viewport META Tag The viewport meta tag is the most common tag used in displaying mobile optimize contents. There's nothing wrong with your syntax, it's just that your mobile browser thinks it's a desktop browser until someone clues it in. Viewport meta tag is generally used for responsive design to set the viewport width and initial-scale on mobile devices. As the standardization process proceeds, we at Mozilla will work to keep up to date with any changes. acknowledge that you have read and understood our, GATE CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Original Papers and Official Keys, ISRO CS Syllabus for Scientist/Engineer Exam. Typically, you use the viewport meta tag to set the width and initial scale of the viewport. This takes the control awa… Here it is set to a special value(“width= device-width”) which is the width of the device in terms of CSS pixels at a scale of 100%. whole web page it results in a poor user experience. to control the page's dimensions and scaling. Viewport and Website Design. large screens - Setting large absolute CSS widths for page elements It may cause the element to The tag follows the following structure - There are 6 "keys" we can pass for the content - 1. width 2. height 3. initial-scale 4. minimum-scale 5. maximum-scale 6. user-scalable devices - but not horizontally! The width property governs the size of the viewport. Most of the new devices support it including iPhone, Android, WebOS, WP7’s Internet Explorer, and more. an image is displayed at a width wider than the viewport it can cause the Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. The viewport does not have the same size, it varies with the variation in screen size of the devices on which the website is visible. Sets the initial zoom of the page AND the width of the layout viewport. The first meta tag (charset) defines the character encoding for the HTML document. the width of the viewport. Sets the width of the layout viewport. So, a viewport meta tag allows your web page to scale as per the dimensions of the mobile device being used. 1. This is the common setting of viewport used in various mobile-optimized websites. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content. Some websites don't use this by default and it only requires one additional tag in your document header. It is not a standard but still tagged as a key approach for Responsive Web Design. The user-scalable attribute defines whether users can scale (zoom) the page content on mobile. … To fix this, browsers on those devices scaled down the entire web page to fit the screen. When designing websites, the viewport is an HTML meta tag (or @ rule in CSS) that is used to set styles and other website attributes to render the site on different devices. Can you really always … On smartphones the page is adjusted due to narrower screen. Meta title. Then, when we started surfing the internet using tablets and mobile phones, fixed to render well. How to Set Calc Viewport Units Workaround in CSS ? One of the metadata we can pass with the meta tag is viewport. How to create a Hero Image using HTML and CSS ? This means visitors can see the entire 100% width of the website once it has finished loading, and they must zoom in closer to read the text. For example, if your mobile design is purposely laid out at 320px you can specify the viewport width: For flexible layouts it's more practical to base your viewport width on the device in question, so to match your layout width to the device width you'd enter: To be extra certain th… The user is comfortable reading text, viewing images, scrolling content, filling in columns, making purchases. generate link and share the link here. Hot Network Questions Did the Allies try to "bribe" Franco to join them in World War II? In addition, a meta tag can prevent the user from scaling (user-scalable=no), which is especially useful for applications. Below is a sample viewport tag. careful of using large absolute positioning values. HTML5 introduced a method to let web designers take control over the viewport, through the tag. It let you handle Viewport Scale using various scaling properties of viewport tag. brightness_4 Not using the viewport meta tag will load the page in a way that is not compatible with mobile devices and will negatively affect the user experience. If you specify a viewport in a CSS file, you should place it right at the beginning of the file to ensure that it is displayed correctly. How to Create Browsers Window using HTML and CSS ? The viewport varies with the device, and will be smaller on a mobile phone than on a computer screen. fall outside the viewport on small devices. The viewport meta tag contains a content attribute. Before tablets and mobile phones, web pages were designed only for computer screens, and it was common for Thanks for the reminder about the importance of the Viewport meta tag. Narrow Display output: Writing code in comment? Where to put JavaScript in an HTML Document ? For example, if your webpage is narrower than 980 pixels, then you should set the width of the viewport to fit your web content. Use CSS media queries to apply different styling for small and Also, be The browser's viewport is the area of the window in which web content can be seen. The viewport is the section of the page in view, an example is viewing a web page on a mobile device, if it is zoomed in to display the top left of the page then the viewport has been set to be a certain width. The fourth meta tag … This allows us to control certain aspects of the viewport and solve the discrepancy. How to use Meta Tag to redirect an HTML page? It is possible to set it to a specific value (“width=600”) in terms of CSS pixels. size web pages were too large to fit the viewport. Instead, consider using relative width values, such as width: 100%. Otherwise a cached version of a web page, which shows how it looked when the page was last crawled, is available via a "Cache" link on Google's search engine results pages (SERPs). In this case, the meta element viewport ensures that all content is equally legible and displayed correctly and compl… In our case we set this to the “device-width” which overrides Apples default 960px. It would be good to have a true standard for web pages to control viewport properties. 3. minimum-scale. Write Interview The third meta tag (description) provides a description for the web page for the search engines. A meta viewport tag gives the browser instructions on how to control the page's dimensions and scaling. How to create Right Aligned Menu Links using HTML and CSS ? Viewport meta-tag on S3 not working. How to add a Login Form to an Image using HTML and CSS ? The content attribute's value includes the text width=. This meta tag gives a more flexibility on the users browser by automatically detecting the device width and also give the ability to the user to zoom on a page or not. To fix this problem introduce a responsive tag to control the viewport. There is clearly demand for the viewport meta tag, since it is supported by most popular mobile browsers and used by thousands of web sites. The first part, viewport is the users visible area of the web page. 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Using Viewport Tag for Non-responsive Design It also doesn't check for an initial-scale key-value pair. render well - Since screen dimensions and width in CSS pixels vary Here is an example of a web page without the viewport meta tag, and the same web page with the viewport meta tag: Tip: If you are browsing this page with a phone or a tablet, you can click on the two links below to see the difference. This is the page title that Google and most other search engines show in search results. List of HTML Meta Tags. Web 1.0, Web 2.0 and Web 3.0 with their difference, 10 Web Development and Web Design Facts That You Should Know, HTML | Responsive full page image using CSS. Instead you would combine everything into one tag, but I want to introduce this v… tag. Do NOT let the content rely on a particular viewport width to The above shown responsive meta tag will let the browser render the width of the page at the width of its own screen. For further reading about the … If a page is broader than the device width but smaller than the default viewport width, use this setting. 2. initial-scale. Meta tag SEO best practices also include a viewport tag. 2. The meta tag helps control the mobile layout of the webpage. code. Experience. The initial-scale property governs the zoom level when the page is loaded for the first time. Users are used to scroll websites vertically on both desktop and mobile How to create responsive image gallery using HTML, CSS, jQuery and Bootstrap? What is the gain (advantage) of oversampling and noise shaping in D/A conversion? How to design Meet the Team Page using HTML and CSS ? close, link In short, we can say that viewport meta tag offers a number of ways to control how a web page displays and behaves on a range of mobile devices. Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, What is Viewport? How to get the information from a meta tag using JavaScript? The element scales the displayed content so that the size of the screen can be used efficiently. Adding CSS tag with viewport is an efficient way to improve the web pages to look on smaller screens. A Browser’s viewport is the area of web page in which the content is visible to the user. web pages to have a static design and a fixed size. The viewport meta tag- the key to preparing a page for mobile devices optimization. It is possible to set it to a specific value (“width=600”) in terms of CSS pixels. The viewport tag has become increasingly valuable with the rise of mobile phone usage. Remember to adjust this content to fit within 3. Using the Viewport Meta Tag. Robots How to Create a Cutout Text using HTML and CSS ? Do NOT use large fixed width elements - For example, if Program to find Circuit Rank of an Undirected Graph, Top 10 Projects For Beginners To Practice HTML and CSS Skills. So, if the user is forced to scroll horizontally, or zoom out, to see the It’s the visible part of a web page that a user can see from their device or monitor. How to update Node.js and NPM to next version ? By using our site, you You should include the following viewport element in all your web pages: This gives the browser instructions on how Note: When a page is not made responsive for smaller viewports it looks bad or even breaks on smaller screen. how much the user can zoom out). When viewing the code of some sites using older Wordpress Themes or sites that have a design that looks like they were built in the late 90's, I see that that specific tag isn't in use very often. Enter the viewport meta tag, introduced by Apple, then adopted and developed further by others. Thus, not using a viewport tag can adversely affect your search rankings. This means that the browser will (probably) render the width of the page at the width of its own screen. widely between devices, content should not rely on a particular viewport width The virtual viewport is the view of a mobile device screen that is other than the default view; therefore being deemed “ virtual “. This area is often different from what the user sees, leaving audiences to pinch or scroll to read the content. This allows the … We set this to 1 which is the default view, but you can easily increase this number (not recommended). In general, this term is used for displays on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. What is a viewport meta tag Viewport is a site page area visible to the user without scrolling. You should include the following viewport element in all your web pages: This gives the browser instructions on how to control the page's dimensions and scaling. The width property governs the size of the viewport. How to Create Breadcrumbs using HTML and CSS ? For example, if your webpage is narrower than 980 pixels, then you should set the width of the viewport to fit your web content. Data Structures and Algorithms – Self Paced Course, We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. 1. width. There are many options we can include in the content section of the meta viewport. How to insert spaces/tabs in text using HTML/CSS? The viewport meta tag enables web developers to indicate that the web page they built is optimized for mobile devices. Viewport Meta Tag Examples. This is the common setting of viewport used in various mobile-optimized websites. Viewport meta tag in css. Problems & Possibilities How to make a Pagination using HTML and CSS ? Lighthouse doesn't check that width equals device-width. The ViewPort is not the same size as the original Webpage. What's the difference between meta name and meta property? Wide Display output: How to Create Section Counter using HTML and CSS ? A Responsive tags has the following attributed: Output: HTML | Viewport meta tag for Responsive Web Design. The second meta tag (viewport) is used when designing a responsive web site. How to Create Toggle Switch by using HTML and CSS ? Note: The meta tag should be added in the head tag in HTML document. How to get the dimensions of the Viewport using AngularJS ? The width=device-width part sets the width of the page to follow the screen-width of the device (which will vary depending on the device). edit How to set the default value for an HTML